- Pediatric surgery began with single-incision flank surgery and has evolved to multi-port laparoscopic and robotic approaches. Recent technological advances with the single-port (SP) robot have allowed for transition back to single-incision surgery.
- The objective of this video is to illustrate feasibility of the ureteral ligation for the treatment of massive ureteroceles associated with non-functioning upper kidney moieties in duplex kidneys.
- Retroperitoneoscopic heminephrectomy is a challenging procedure but with advantages over open and transperitoneal laparoscopic approaches. Lower pole heminephrectomy is less commonly undertaken compared with the upper pole.s
- To demonstrate surgical reconstruction of a megameatus variant of hypospadias by using a modified, patient-specific approach.
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) resulting from deficient 21-hydroxylase activity is an autosomal recessive disorder with an incidence of 1:5000–25,000 in Caucasian populations. Despite various techniques to treat CAH, total urogenital mobilization (TUM) has gained popularity. This technique has low morbidity, and can be performed by the perineal route with the patient in the dorsal lithotomy position without the need to separate the urethra from the vagina. We aim to demonstrate in this video the TUM technique step by step.
- Determining lymph node involvement is an important step in the pre-treatment evaluation of non-metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma. We describe retroperitoneoscopy for para-aortic lymph node biopsy in a 4-year-old boy with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the bladder with pelvic and para-aortic lymph node enlargement on magnetic resonance imaging. This technique affords access to the para-aortic region with minimal dissection, permitting quick recovery and early commencement of chemotherapy.