- We report a rare case of four sequestered caliceal diverticula that failed previous percutaneous sclerotherapy and were subsequently managed with robot-assisted laparoscopic unroofing and fulguration of the sequestered diverticula cluster.
- Urinary tract anomalies in children at times pose challenges in which immediate urinary diversion is required before definitive reconstruction. Open cutaneous ureterostomy technique is a well-established approach for this scenario. We describe the laparoscopy-assisted alternative.
- The creation of a Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) channel is an option to treat patients with neurologic conditions that result in fecal soiling or intractable constipation. It is typically performed in an open fashion through a midline incision or laparoscopically. The laparoscopic technique typically involves bringing the tip of the appendix to the skin whereas the open technique allows for imbrication of the cecum around the channel, which may improve continence and decrease the risk of perforation.
- Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered to be the standard of care for the surgical excision of adrenal masses. The transperitoneal laparoscopic and retroperitoneoscopic approaches are described. Both are safe and as effective as open adrenalectomy, with the added benefit of the minimally invasive approach. It can be utilized for patients requiring surgery for a phaeochromocytoma, adrenal adenoma, adrenal adenocarcinoma, Cushing's syndrome, neuroblastoma, and an incidentaloma. Relative contraindications include previous surgery of the liver or kidney, large tumours (>8–10 cm in diameter) or coagulation disorders.