Research Article|Articles in Press

Can we improve the usefulness of the diuretic renogram in the diagnosis of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in children? Introduction of mercaptoacetyltriglycine-suspected obstruction scoring system (MAG-SOS)



      Mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG-3) renogram is one of the gold standard diagnostic tools of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO); however, there is no widely agreed indications of pyeloplasty based on MAG-3 findings. In this study, we introduce a renogram scoring system that can help improve the prognostic value of MAG-3 renogram and in the decision making of pyeloplasty.

      Patients and methods

      We retrospectively reviewed consecutive pyeloplasties for antenatal hydronephrosis from 2010 to 2020. A control group was included of non-operatively managed SFU grade 3 and 4. The initial renal ultrasound and preoperative MAG-3 Lasix renogram were reviewed for differential renal function (DRF), type of renogram curve and tracer washout half-time (T1/2). A ROC curve was used to evaluate the cut-off points that can be associated with obstruction. A multivariate linear regression model was used to assess the best renogram parameter that can predict surgical intervention.


      We included 188 patients with 209 renal units. The median age for pyeloplasty was 5.4 months. The mercaptoacetyltriglycine-Suspected Obstruction Scoring System (MAG-SOS) was associated with pyeloplasty (AUC = 0.97, P < 0.001) (Figure A). A score of 5 is 100% specific for obstruction. 78% of units required surgical intervention had a MAG-SOS score of≥5 while all units of the control group had a range of score 0–4. Using the multivariate analysis, the MAG-SOS system showed to the only independent predictor for pyeloplasty (HR = 0.03, p < 0.001).


      This study has some limitations. Firstly, the retrospective nature of the cohort; however, all patients were reviewed by one investigator who was blinded to the line of management. This is a single institutional study; therefor, this MAG-SOS should be evaluated by other centers to ensure its efficiency. Lastly, the pyeloplasty decision was taken by 3 different urologists; nevertheless, all of them adopt the same indications which are similar to those of the Society for Pediatric Urology and the Canadian Urological Association guidelines.


      Summary figure
      Graphical AbstractRoc curve shows the association between MAG-SOS and surgical intervention with possible cutoffs.


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