Letter to the Editor|Articles in Press

Fragility index of meta-analyses and randomized-controlled trials on the efficacy of caudal block for hypospadias: Is the glass half-full or half-empty?

  • Sachit Anand
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, 110029, India
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  • Luis H. Braga
    Correspondence to: Department of Surgery/Urology - Departments of Pediatrics and Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact - McMaster University - McMaster Children's Hospital - McMaster Urology Residency Program - McMaster Pediatric Surgery Research Collaborative (MPSRC) - Pediatric Urologists of Canada (PUC) McMaster University 1200 Main Street West, 4E19 Hamilton Health Science (HHS) - L8S4J9 Hamilton - Ontario - Canada
    McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 3Z5
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Published:February 14, 2023DOI:
      Giving caudal-epidural block (CEB) is a common practice by pediatric anesthesiologists during hypospadias repair. It provides adequate intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. However, several studies have questioned its safety in terms of increased incidence of postoperative complications.
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