Previously in our unit, urodynamics were delayed after insertion of suprapubic (SP) lines. We postulated that performing urodynamics on the same day as SP line insertion would not result in increased morbidity. We retrospectively compared complications in those having urodynamics on the same day against those who had delayed urodynamics.
Patients and methods
Notes were reviewed for patients undergoing urodynamics via SP lines from May 2009 until December 2018. In 2014 we modified our practice to allow urodynamics on the same day as SP line insertion in some patients. Patients undergoing videourodynamics would have two 5 Fr (mini Paed) SP lines inserted under general anaesthesia. Patients were divided into two groups: those that had urodynamics on the same day as SP line insertion and those that had urodynamics after an interval of more than one day. The outcome measure was the number of problems affecting those in each group. The two groups were compared using Mann–Whitney U tests and Fisher's Exact tests.
There were a total of 211 patients with a median age of 6.5 years (range three months to 15.9 years). Urodynamics were performed on the same day in 86. Delayed Urodynamics were performed at an interval of more than one day in 125. Adverse events included pain or difficulty with voiding, increased urinary frequency, urinary incontinence, leak from catheter site, extravasation, extension of in-patient stay, visible haematuria, urethral catheterisation, and urinary tract infection. Problems affected 43 (20.4%) children. In the same day group, 11 (13.3%) patients had problems, in the delayed group 32 (25.6%) had problems; this was statistically significant (p = 0.03). The difference in combined incidence of important problems (requiring urethral catheterisation, extended admission or abandonment of urodynamics) was not statistically significant between the two groups.
When using suprapubic catheters for urodynamics there is no additional morbidity when catheters are inserted on the same day as the urodynamics study compared to when urodynamic are delayed.
Abbreviations:ARM (Anorectal malformation), CKD (Chronic kidney disease), IQR (Interquartile range), PUV (Posterior urethral valves), SP (Suprapubic), UTI (Urinary tract infection), VUR (Vesicoureteric reflux)
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Published online: January 27, 2023
Accepted: January 12, 2023
Received in revised form: November 26, 2022
Received: November 7, 2021
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
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