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Endoscopic Balloon Dilatation For The Treatment Of Primary Obstructive Megaureter <24 Months Of Age: Does The Size Of The Balloon Influence Results?

  • Giorgia CONTINI
    Affiliations
    Pediatric Urology Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital and Research Centre, Piazza S. Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy
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  • Ermelinda MELE
    Affiliations
    Pediatric Urology Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital and Research Centre, Piazza S. Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy
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  • Nicola CAPOZZA
    Affiliations
    Pediatric Urology Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital and Research Centre, Piazza S. Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy
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  • Marco CASTAGNETTI
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author: , Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital and Research Centre, Rome, Italy Piazza S. Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy Tel. +390668592115
    Affiliations
    Pediatric Urology Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital and Research Centre, Piazza S. Onofrio 4, 00165 Rome, Italy

    Department of Surgery, Oncology, and Gastroenterology, University of Padova, Padua, Italy
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Published:November 23, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2022.11.021

      Summary

      INTRODUCTION

      Endoscopic balloon dilatation (EBD) can be performed with different catheters and its durability is still controversial. This study aimed to compare long-term results of EBD performed <24 months of age using balloons of 4mm vs. 6mm in diameter.

      MATERIALS AND METHODS

      Retrospective study of consecutive patients with unilateral primary obstructive megaureter (POM) undergoing EBD <24 months of age by two surgeons from 01/2009 to 12/2020. The technique was consistent, but for balloon diameter, which was 4 mm in group A vs. 6 mm in group B. End-points included peri-operative complications, success rate (improving dilatation and non-obstructive drainage on 9-month scintigraphy), and long-term outcome (need for reimplantation and diameter of retrovesical ureter at last ultrasound).

      RESULTS

      The procedure was completed in all planned patient. Group A included 15 patients and Group B 30 patients. Groups were not significantly different for age (p<0.09), gender (p<0.1), laterality (p<0.7), and preoperative median ureteral diameter (p=0.08). No perioperative complications occurred. Four group A patients required a cutting balloon to achieve a satisfactory dilatation of the vesicoureteral junction (p=0.009). After a median (range) follow-up of 70 (19-155) months, success rate was 73.3% vs. 83.3% (p=0.45), 4/15 group A and 5/30 group B patients required reimplantation within 2 years of EBD. In successful cases, median (range) ureteral diameter at last follow-up was 6 (0-17) mm vs. 5 (0-14) mm, which was significantly better than preoperative value (p=0.003 and p<0.001, respectively), but not significantly different (p=0.8) between groups.

      DISCUSSION

      EBD is an umbrella term that encompasses many technical variations, which can be key for success. Although limited by the small numbers and the comparison of patients treated over two subsequent periods, this is the first study focusing on the role of balloon size.

      CONCLUSIONS

      The diameter of the balloon did not influence significantly long-term results, but the 6 mm balloon slightly increased the success rate of EBD to 83.3% and eliminated the need for cutting balloons to achieve a satisfactory dilatation.

      Keywords

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