LOCAL-IGF-1 and GH application IMPROVES germ cell histology, spermatogenesis and fertility after experimental testicular torsion and detorsion



      To evaluate the impact of insulin like growth factor-1(IGF-1) and growth hormone (GH) on testis histology, spermatogenesis, and fertility in prepubertal rats exposed to 6 h of testicular torsion (TT) and detorsion.


      Forty-eight male Wistar-albino rats weighing 30–70g and at 3-week age were allocated into six groups involving eight rats in each group as follows: Group 1:Sham, Group 2:Control, Group 3:Gelatin, Group 4:Local-IGF-1, 5: Local-GH, Group 6: Systemic-GH. Right testis was only exposed and sutured in the sham group, and right testes were rotated clockwise, 720°, fixed, and 6 h later, detorsion on the testis was done in groups 2–6. Unloaded gelatin, 5 μg local-IGF-1 loaded, and 2IU rhGH loaded gelatin were sutured to the right testis after detorsion in groups 3–5. In Group 6, 0.3IU/100gr/d rhGH was given for seven days via subcuticular route after detorsion. Each of the rats cohabited with two female rats five weeks later. Afterward, both right and left testes were removed. Mean diameter of seminiferous tubules (STD), mean biopsy score count of the testis (TBSC), mean percentage of haploid cells (HCP) were assessed, and fertility parameters were evaluated.


      STD and TBSC of the ipsilateral testes were significantly reduced in control and gelatin groups when compared to sham, local-IGF-1, and local-GH groups. STD and TBSC of the ipsilateral testes of the systemic-GH group were decreased compared to the sham group. HCP of the ipsilateral testes of control, gelatin, and systemic-GH groups were significantly lower than the sham, local-IGF-1, and local-GH groups. STD, TBSC, and HCP of the contralateral testes were significantly reduced in control and gelatin groups when compared separately to sham, local-IGF-1, systemic- GH, and local-GH groups. The difference between groups regarding potency, fertility, fecundity indexes, and mean fetus numbers were not significant.


      Even though there was significant and permanent histologic germ cell damage and reduced HCP in both ipsilateral and contralateral testes, experimental 6 h TT and detorsion in prepubertal rats did not have a negative impact on future fertility. Local-IGF-1and rhGH treatment improved germ cell histology and spermatogenesis in both ipsilateral and contralateral testes of prepubertal rats, subjected to 6 h of TT and detorsion.


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