Surgical simulation of pediatric laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty: Reproducible high-fidelity animal-tissue model

Published:September 23, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2021.09.015

      Summary

      Purpose

      To provide a high-fidelity, animal tissue-based model for the advanced surgical simulation of laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty in infants and children.

      Materials and methods

      A previously described animal tissue model using chicken crop was surgically modified and attached to piglet kidney specimens in order to provide organ model realistically resembling infant and children hydronephrosis for simulation of dismembered laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Dismembered pyeloplasty could then be carried out in a standard pelvi-trainer using a standard instrumentation as in a regular case.

      Results

      The model created could prove to be a high-fidelity, animal tissue model for the surgical simulation of dismembered pyeloplasty. The surgical modification of the used animal tissues of chicken crop and piglet kidney respectively used in this fusion model was able to provide a high grade of resembling a realistic organ situs for infant and pediatric pyeloplasty, respectively.
      The surgical procedure could be carried out as a simulation of a regular case while providing high-grade realistic anatomy, adequate sizes of a dilated renal pelvis and of the ureter, respectively. Biological as well as haptic conditions of the tissue were able to resemble human tissue in a high grade as well.

      Discussion

      Despite a live animal model has been described for dismembered pyeloplasty, its time-consuming creation and possible conflict concerning animal welfare cadaver models are more practicable for daily simulation. In literature so far animal-tissue models described range from folded chicken skin to a chicken crop model. While these types of models have its own advantages and disadvantages none of them provide adequate anatomical relations. By dissecting chicken crop and fixating it to a piglet's kidney this limitation could be overcome and furthermore will enable future modifications for a perfused model for laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty.

      Conclusion

      The fusion of a previously described tissue model of chicken crop for simulation of pyeloplasty along with also previously used piglet kidneys for surgical simulation can provide a highly realistic model for surgical simulation of pediatric dismembered laparoscopic pyeloplasty. In addition, this model rules out the disadvantage of native animal kidney specimens which the lack of pathology of a dilated renal pelvis. Surgical modification is an established method to provide high-fidelity animal tissue models for surgical simulation and therefore training of complex procedures, respectively. For simulation purposes in pediatric laparoscopic urology, i.e., reconstructive procedures such as dismembered pyeloplasty this model appears to be promising in terms of providing realistic pathology in pediatric dimensions.

      Keywords

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