Single-port robotic Mitrofanoff in a pediatric patient

      Summary

      Introduction

      Pediatric surgery began with single-incision flank surgery and has evolved to multi-port laparoscopic and robotic approaches. Recent technological advances with the single-port (SP) robot have allowed for transition back to single-incision surgery.

      Methods

      A 14-year-old paraplegic male with T2 spinal injury presented with neurogenic bladder and increasing difficulty performing clean intermittent catheterization thus the decision was made to perform the first SP robotic Mitrofanoff procedure in a pediatric patient. The SP platform has one 2.5 cm, 4-channel port, a 12 × 10 mm articulating camera, and 6 mm multi-wristed instruments.

      Discussion

      The SP robotic Mitrofanoff was completed successfully without issues with space, triangulation or articulation. There is, however, loss of insufflation with use of laparoscopic instruments as the seal on the port is difficult to maintain.
      The single-port robot has been successfully utilized in seven patients: six underwent dismembered pyeloplasty and one underwent Mitrofanoff with a median operative time of 120 min and estimated blood loss of <25 cc. Postoperatively, no patients required opioid pain medications, and all were discharged in <24 h without complications.

      Conlusions

      Single-port robotic surgery is feasible in pediatric patients, but patient selection is key. Future development of the platform is needed to widen application to smaller patients.

      Keywords

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