Sexual function and dysfunction in men with spina bifida

Published:December 20, 2020DOI:


      Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect, which can lead to multiple urologic problems stemming from neurogenic bladder including need for lifelong renal monitoring and urinary continence. However, as males with SB age, it is clear that many also start to care about their sexuality, which may also be affected by the disease process.
      After reviewing the literature, the authors summarize the available information regarding sexual function and sexual dysfunction in adult males with spina bifida, specifically focusing on sexuality education, relationship status/sexual activity, continence, penile rigidity, penile sensation, ability to orgasm, ability to ejaculate, quality of ejaculation and non-genital sexual contact.
      Finally, the authors conclude that more research is needed in the fields of sexual function and sexual dysfunction in adults with spina bifida. This area of study is in need of objective, standardized research with large cohorts so that we can better study and educate men with SB about the impact of SB on their sexuality.



      AYA (Adolescents and Young Adults), CIC (Clean intermittent Catheterization), ED (Erectile dysfunction), IIEF (International Index of Erectile Function), MACE (Malone antegrade Colonic Enema), SB (Spina Bifida)
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