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The search for continence in bladder exstrophy: Bladder neck transection and Macedo catheterizable reservoir to augment the nativebladder

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Bladder exstrophy remains one of the most challenging abnormalities in pediatric urology. We propose bladder neck transection and bladder augmentation with a catheterizeable reservoir technique to achieve continence after previous anatomic reconstruction in stages.

      Methods

      At the age of 5–6 years, we offer the transection of bladder neck and enterocystoplasty to achieve continence. We report on a 6-year-old boy that underwent this procedure. We perform the reservoir from ileum according to Macedo-technique that constructs a catheterizeable channel from the same bowel segment. The continence mechanism of the efferent tube is based on angulation and a serous lined tunnel created with 3.0 prolene sutures. The stoma is placed in the midline.

      Results

      Patient had an uneventful evolution and is continent performing CIC every 4 h with 9 months of follow up.

      Discussion

      In spite of continuous development of bladder exstrophy surgery, the urethral continence and voluntary micturition is still not possible in the majority of patients. We discuss with our patients honestly and offer this method as a viable alternative to achieve continence.

      Conclusion

      In our experience, most patients accept urethral transection and suprapubic CIC when educated about results with other alternatives of bladder neck plasty.

      Keywords

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